Any number of medical problems can affect the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.
- Bone problems may include:
- Bone Deformities
- Bone Infections
- Bone Tumors
- Need For Amputation Read More...
- Nonunions & Malunions
- Spinal Deformities
- Joint problems may include:
- Joint Pain
- Joint Swelling Read More...
- Ligament tears
Common orthopedic-related diagnoses based on body part:
- Foot & Ankle Deformities Read More...
- Hammer Toe
- Heel pain
- Heel Spurs
- Joint pain & Arthritis
- Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Ankle and foot:
- Hand and wrist:
- Joint Pain
- Tendon or Ligament Injury
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Read More...
- Ganglion Cyst
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis) Read More...
- Impingement Syndrome
- Loose or Foreign Bodies
- Rotator cuff tear
- Rotator cuff tendinitis
- Torn labrum
- SLAP Tears
- Cartilage And meniscus Injuries
- Dislocation of the Kneecap (Patella)
- Ligament Sprains or Tears (Anterior Cruciate, Posterior Cruciate, Medial Collateral, & Lateral Collateral Ligament Tears) Read More...
- Loose or Foreign Bodies
- Osgood Schlatter Disease
- Dislocation or Separation
- Ligament Sprains or Sears
- Loose or foreign bodies Read More...
- Tennis or Golfers Elbow (Epicondylitis or Tendinitis)
- Elbow Stiffness or Contractures
- Herniated (Slipped) Disc
- Infection of the Spine
- Injury to the Spine
- Spinal Stenosis Read More...
- Spinal Tumor
- Spinal Cord Injuries
SERVICES AND TREATMENTS
- Arthrogram (Joint X-ray)
- Bone scans Read More...
- Computed Tomography (CT) Scan
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Scan
Imaging procedures can help diagnose or even treat many orthopedic conditions. Your health care provider may order:
Sometimes, treatment involves injections of medicine into the painful area. This may involve:
- Corticosteroid injections into joints, tendons, and ligaments, and around the spine
- Hyaluronic acid injection to help relieve arthritis pain
- Surgical procedures used in the treatment of orthopedics include:
- Arthroscopic Surgeries
- Bunionectomy & Hammer Toe Repair
- Cartilage Repair or Resurfacing Procedures
- Cartilage Surgery to Knee
- Fracture Care
- Joint Replacement (Arthroplasty)
- Ligament Reconstructions
- Repair of Torn Ligaments and Tendons
- Spine Surgery, Including DIskectomy, Foraminotomy, Laminectomy, and Spinal Fusion
Newer orthopedic services procedures include minimally invasive surgery techniques, advanced external fixation, and the use of bone graft substitutes and bone-fusing protein.
WHO IS INVOLVED
Orthopedic care often involves a team approach. Your team may include a doctor, as well as a non-doctor specialist such as a physical therapist, as well as others.
Orthopedic surgeons receive 5 or more extra years of training in the care of disorders of the bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. They are trained to manage joint problems with both operative and non-operative techniques.
Physical medicine and rehabilitation doctors have 4 or more extra years of training in this type of care after they graduate from medical school. They are also referred to as physiatrists. They do not perform surgery, although they can give joint injections.
Sports medicine physicians are doctors with experience in sports medicine who have a primary specialty in family practice, internal medicine, emergency medicine, pediatrics, or physical medicine and rehabilitation. Most have 1-2 years of additional training in sports medicine through subspecialty programs in sports medicine. Sports medicine is a special branch of orthopedics designed to provide complete medical care to active people of all ages.
Other doctors that may be a part of the orthopedics team include:
- Pain Specialists
- Primary Care Doctors
Non-doctor health professionals that may be a part of the orthopedics team include:
- Athletic Trainers
- Nurse Practitioners
- Physical Therapists
- Physician Assistants
- Social Workers
- Vocational Workers